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During the ESO session at the 2015 Summer ESIP meetings, we discussed Geospatial Vector Formats. The general feeling after the discussion was that there is no specific "best" format. We agreed to host a discussion page where people can follow up on some of the material presented.

 

FormatStandards bodyESO StandardReference link(s)Notes
Arc-Info .E00  http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000291.shtml

 

DLGSDTS https://lta.cr.usgs.gov/Guides/usgs_dlg.html

 

DWG  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.dwg

 

DXF  http://www.autodesk.com/techpubs/autocad/acad2000/dxf/

 

ESRI File Geodatabase  http://www.esri.com/apps/products/download/#File_Geodatabase_API_1.4

 

GeoCSV  http://giswiki.hsr.ch/GeoCSV

Could be interesting to ESDSWG ASCII WG

GeoJSONIETF https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7946

Good transfer format, maybe not good archival format

GeoPackageOGC 12-128r11 http://www.geopackage.org/

Archival format?

GeoRSSOGC 06-050r3 (white paper) http://www.georss.org/

Specialized for Atom/RSS results

GMLOGC 07-036 http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/gml

Have to develop profile or use one that's already been developed.

 

HDFyes (HDF-5, HDF EOS 5) https://earthdata.nasa.gov/standards/hdf5Mostly used for gridded data.

 

KMLOGC 07-147r2yeshttp://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/kml

OK for visualization, pretty limited set of clients

netCDFOGC 10-090r3 / ESOyes (classic and 4)http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/netcdf
https://earthdata.nasa.gov/standards/netcdf-4hdf5-file-format
Mostly used for gridded data

 

Shapefile  https://www.esri.com/library/whitepapers/pdfs/shapefile.pdfOriginally a proprietary format, now it's published. Used in Esri software.

 

TopoJSON  https://github.com/mbostock/topojsonAdds topology to GeoJSON, makes smaller files for data that has large multi-point geometries

Interesting transfer format for bigger data sets

OGC 06-103r4 http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/sfa

Useful as component of others

OSM (OpenStreetMap)  http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/OSM_file_formatsPossibly useful for certain kinds of vector data.

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